Types of Gum Disease

Dentist Serving Calgary, Cochrane, Airdrie and Nearby Areas of Alberta

Having problems with your teeth or gums is never pleasant. Many people avoid the dentist and do not take proper care of their oral health, only to suffer in the future. It is important to keep regular check-ups with a dentist and to stay educated about how best to take care of your teeth and gums to help you avoid certain general dentistry procedures offered in Alberta.

At Aesthetic Dental Studio, we pride ourselves on providing dental services to our guests. We want you to feel good about being in our office and feel great about your smile. If you live in the Calgary or Cochrane, Alberta areas, call us today at 403-543-4600 to discuss your dental concerns.

Are There Different Types of Gum Disease?

Yes! Think of gum disease types as ranging from mild to severe. The mildest form of gum disease is known as gingivitis; this happens when bacteria builds up in your mouth and causes infection in the gums. A person with gingivitis will notice their gums become red, swollen, and bleed easily when flossed. Typically there is not great discomfort with gingivitis and it is reversible with dental treatment and care.

There are several contributing factors that can cause gingivitis. These can include:

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Aging
  • Systemic diseases
  • Stress
  • Poor nutrition
  • Hormone fluctuations
  • Pregnancy
  • Substance abuse
  • Taking certain medications

When left untreated, gingivitis will become more severe, known as periodontitis or periodontal disease. With periodontitis the plaque continues to build and spread to below the gum line causing chronic inflammation. The gums will eventually separate from the teeth and form pockets that become infected. After time, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

How Can I Prevent Gum Disease?

You can prevent gum disease with good oral health habits and regularly visiting a dentist. Good oral health habits include:

  • Brushing after meals
  • Flossing at least once daily
  • Swishing with mouthwash to reduce plaque that brushing and flossing did not remove
  • Know your risk – age, smoking, diet and genetics can all increase chance of gum disease

Regular visits with your dentist also helps reduce the likelihood of getting gum disease. Your dentist will examine your teeth and gums, identify the plaque level, look at your bite, bone structure and ask you questions about the history of your health to determine if you are at risk for gum disease.

For more information about gum therapy options for treating periodontal disease, contact Dr. Gordon Chee with the office of Aesthetic Dental Studio today at 403-543-4600. We welcome patients from Cochrane and surrounding areas in Alberta and are here to help you receive the best oral health care that you deserve.